Recent Blog Posts

Syntax Highlighting in Yii

By Ronald van Belzen | April 29, 2013

Syntaxhighlighting is not difficult in Yii, but I was unable to find any examples on the web. CTextHighlighter is well documented, but a working example is sometimes helpful.

On my website I use the CKEditor with the help of the editMe extension to edit text. In the editor I enter the <pre> tag with the attribute "lang" to enclose code. For viewing the text I use the following jQuery script to change the displayed code:

function setSyntax(id) { 
  var content = $('#'+id).html(); 
  var lang = $('#'+id).attr('lang'); 
    url: url, 
    type: "POST", 
    dataType: "json", 
    data: {
      "id" : id, 
      "lang" : lang, 
      "content" : content 
    success: function(data){
    error: function(error){
      console.log("Error:"); console.log(error); 

  $('pre').each(function(n) { = 'code_'+n; 

The script reads all code enclosed inside <pre> tags and sends it to the server with Ajax calls. The returned content is used to replace the <pre> tags together with their content.

On the server side the controller action handles the request:

public function actionSyntax() { 
  $json = array(); 
  $json['id'] = $_POST['id']; 
  $language = $_POST['lang']; 
  $content = $_POST['content']; 
  $content = str_replace('<br>', '', $content); 
  $content = str_replace('<p>', '', $content); 
  $content = str_replace('&lt;', '<', $content); 
  $content = str_replace('&gt;', '>', $content); 
  $highlighter = new CTextHighlighter; 
  $highlighter->showLineNumbers = true; 
  $highlighter->language = $language; 
  $content = $highlighter->highlight($content); 
  $json['content'] = $content; 
  echo json_encode($json); 

After some cleaning up of the content it is CTextHighlighter that does the actual highlighting with "$highlighter->highlight($content)".

Automatic view counting in Yii

By Ronald van Belzen | April 28, 2013

A simple method to automatically count the number of times that an item has been viewed in Yii is with the aid of scenario's.

In the controller that accesses the model the scenario is set:

$model = BlogPost::model();
$model->scenario = 'view';

While in the model the afterFind() function is overwritten:

protected function afterFind() {
  if(self::model()->scenario == 'view') {
  return parent::afterFind();

Of course, model events that trigger upon saving need to take into account that in the scenario "view" the afterFind event performs a save.